Saturday, January 29, 2011

Moull farms

Today we go back in history to the early 1800s.
I live on Moull Street in Newark, Oh. In conversation with a friend, she advised me that she used to live at 300 Moull St. The house dates from the early 1800s and was once known as “Moull Farms.”

The farm house was built by George W. Moull and his wife Elizabeth. It had a door in the middle of the front and two windows at each side, and a kitchen wing to the west. There was a porch along the street side of that wing. The house sat in what is now the middle of Moull St. facing east and had a fence around it. When Moull St was opened up the house was moved to the north side of the street and became number 300. The Moull’s came from Virginia looking for better farm land. They first settled in Licking County in 1830. They owned a general store which offered a wide variety of merchandise, including a horse and buggy for hire.

Moull held the office of City Trustee from 1836 to 1843. Elizabeth died at the age of 15 in 1838 and was buried in the old graveyard located at West Main and Sixth Streets. At the time they had two children: Angeline, born in 1834 and Orlando, born in 1838.

George Moull continued to increase the size of his farm. On March 26th, 1849 he purchased 100 acres of land from the Fleek family. The land had one house and an orchard. In 1850 Moull purchased lots 21 and 22 from Moore’s Addition. It consisted of 3.6 acres each with Log Pond Run crossing through both.

In 1858-1859 the Newark City Directory lists G. W. Moull as being a sign and ornamental painter.

Moull’s household consisted of his new wife Frances, his son Orlando, 21 and his daughter Mary C, 18. His son, George A. Moull, had died two years before on April 14th, 1858 at the age of 13yrs and was buried at Cedar Hill Cemetery. George W. Moull died in 1862 at the age of 53 and was also buried at Cedar Hill Cemetery. Mary C. Moull at the age of 21 inherited 41.70 acres at the death of her father. She and her mother, Frances, continued to live there. Frances died December 5th, 1878 at the age of 72. She was buried next to her husband in Cedar Hill Cemetery.

Mary remained on the homestead until about 1900. She then built a cottage for her use on the west side of what is now N 12th st, just North of Moull St.

Orlando married Mary Jones, they had four children: A. Willard, born 1861: Alice (Allie) G., born 1867: Frank, born 1969: and Fredrick, born 1873. Frank died at the age of 11 and Mary died in 1874.

Willard married Hazel Rogers and moved to Pittsburgh. They had three children: William, Orlando and Lillian. Allie G. Moull married Rev. David A. Green and lived in the cottage that had been willed to her by her aunt, Mary C. Moull. Fredrick never married.

Orlando Moull died in 1917 at the age of 79. His will left half of his land, which included all farm buildings, to Fredrick. The other half was left to Willard’s children along with 112ft. of frontage on Moull’s Lane.


Some young ladies ask Mrs. Moull if they could pick flowers and she told them as long as they kept the gate shut and didn’t bother the cows, it would be fine.

Children waded in the run and sat on a bank or the edge of the little wooden bridge and watch the birds. Dr. Clyde Adams home sat on the corner of Jefferson Rd. and 12th St; he would often trap muskrats in the run. Sometimes they children would go to the Moull farm for milk, the milk was collected in a tin pail with a lid. Sometimes they would get cottage cheese. Miss Allie would put the cheese in first and then ladled pure cream over the top.

We spent a lot of time on the front porches of their homes. Almost every house had a front porch. People walking by said hello, and often stopped for a visit.

To read more on this article stop by the Licking County Genealogical Society and look at the Moull family history or contact the Licking County Historical Society.

This information was obtained for the Moull family history files at the Licking County Genealogical Society, 101 West Main St. Newark Oh 43055.
Submitted by Raynola St.Clair

One of The First Black Schools

Today we go back in history to 1851 and Black Schools in Newark.
The first Black school in Newark was held in 1851 in a little old frame house on Elm Street. This house adjoined the William Henry property and the first teacher was Miss Sarah Carey.

Times were difficult and public school funds were non existent. Any books that had anything to do with cows or horses were used. It didn’t make any difference who the author was or how the book varied in topics.

At some point a system of books was adopted and taxes were levied to carry on schools as the result of special efforts of some very special people. Among them were: William Henry, Simeon Carey, Jackson Shackleford, and John Norman.

A teacher by the name of Clark followed Miss Carey and taught for a term or two in the Lott Building on the corner of Church and Fourth Streets.

Here the school was taught successively by Rebecca Brown and Miss Thomas as well as Sampson P. Lewis and Rev. Dudley Asberry.

In 1859, it was decided they should have a public school. It was presented to the board of Education and the board approved. D. M. Guy stated: the frame was raised and quite a number of white people were determined that the people of color should not have a schoolhouse. The structure was torn down. The next day carpenters re-erected it and the following night Brother Shackleford, with revolver in hand determined his people should have and education, walked the street and guarded the little frame all night. The building was completed. Here Miss Dowell, Miss Etta Crane and Miss Hearst taught until the close of the school in 1861.

At the close of summer in 1861, the Board of Education purchased a lot (58 Hoover St) from Mr. Shackleford a brick building was erected. This school was occupied until 1888 when it was closed by the Arnett Act.

The residence is still standing and has become a rental property today.

Information gathered from: The files of The Licking County Historical Society.
Submitted by: Raynola St.Clair

History of The Census

This time history takes us back to the 1600’s when the first Census was taken in Virginia. People were counted in nearly all of the British colonies that became the United States at the time of the Revolutionary War. Of course there was census in Bible times, directed to be taken by God to various men.

Following independence, there was an almost immediate need for a census of the entire Nation. Both the number of seats each state was to have in the U.S. House of Representatives, and the states’ respective shares in paying for the war were to be based on population. Article I, Section 2 of the U.S. Constitution, adopted in 1787.

Our Founding Fathers had concluded that the states’ wishes to report fewer people in order to lower their shares in the war debt would be offset by a desire for the largest possible representation in Congress. Thus, the census would be fairly accurate.

The First U.S. Census—1790
Shortly after George Washington became President, the first census was taken. It listed the head of household, and counted (1) the number of free White males age 16 and over, and under 16 (to measure how many men might be available for military service), (2) the number of free White females, all other free persons (including any Indians who paid taxes), and (3) how many slaves there were.

The Expanding Censuses...
Down through the years, the Nation’s needs and interests became more complex. This meant that there had to be statistics to help people understand what was happening and have a basis for planning. The content of the decennial census changed accordingly. For example, the first inquiry on manufactures was made in 1810; it concerned the quantity and value of products. Questions on agriculture, mining, and fisheries were added in 1840; and in 1850, the census included inquiries on social issues—taxation, churches, pauperism, and crime. The censuses also spread geographically, to new states and territories added to the Union as well as to other areas under U.S. sovereignty or jurisdiction. There were so many more inquiries of all kinds in the censuses of 1880 and 1890 that almost a full decade was needed to publish all the results. Although the census furnished large quantities of statistics, it was failing to provide information when it was most needed. Accordingly, Congress limited the 1900 census to questions on population, manufactures, agriculture, and mortality. Many of the dropped topics reappeared in later censuses as advances in technology made it possible to process and publish the data faster. quantities of statistics, it was failing to provide information when it was most needed. Accordingly, Congress limited The 1900 census to questions on population, manufactures, agriculture, and mortality. Many of the
dropped topics reappeared in later censuses as advances in technology made it possible to process and publish the data faster.

To read additional information check out:

Horns Hill Park

COFFEE TIME on Horns Hill
Today we go back in history to Horn's Hill Park.
The earliest history of what became known as Horn’s Hill centered on the burial of a Mound builder of the Adena culture. On October 5 and 6, 1933, Dr. E. F. Greenman, curator of the Ohio State Archeological and Historical Society, conducted excavations of at least three sites on Horn’s Hill and confirmed at least one burial of a prominent Mound builder. A burial vault 30 inches wide, 5 feet long and only 12 inches deep was found. Fragments of human bones, a portion
of a pelvis and of the upper femur, were discovered within the vault. Upon completion of the excavation work, a marker was placed with the inscription “Here Was Buried a Patriarch of the Prehistoric People”. Unfortunately the inscription is missing but the stone marker, which reminds us of a project forgotten by most people, still stands.

In the early history of our county the area was known as Horn’s Mill, and the road was called Horn’s Mill Road because of a mill that was once located there. Apparently Mr. Frank Horn owned some 10 acres in the area that he used as a vegetable garden. The City of Newark acquired the land September 10, 1910 from Harry and Louise Verrill. This information was originally made known by Horace Brown of the city engineer’s office and more recently by Frank Gibson also a former employee in the same department, and Mrs. Stella Horn, wife of Frank Horn. Mrs. Horn remembers “streams of people” using the park on weekends for picnics or other family gatherings. She shared this information in 1984 at the age of 91 in an Advocate newspaper article.

Horn’s Hill Park is Newark’s most unusual and largest city park and encompasses about 102 acres. A bench mark of 840 feet above sea level is located at the southwestern corner of the Water Works Bridge. The land rises abruptly some 250 feet above the surrounding area. The hill’s bench mark is 1,090 feet above sea level. If you count part of the bank at the old lake, it puts the elevation at about 1,100 above sea level. This enables a person looking southward on a clear day to see the town of Hebron which is about 12 miles away.

The top of the hill consists of some 10 acres that once included a lake for Newark’s water supply. As Newark grew, and more water was needed, two large concrete tanks, each holding 1.5 million gallons of water were added. In 1954, two additional tanks were added, and the lake was eliminated. The water capacity today is 6 million gallons of water for the Newark area. During World War II people were not allowed on the Hill for fear that saboteurs would poison the water supply.

In 1932, Mayor Charles F. Martin suggested that the park be developed through unemployed labor due to the Great Depression. Prior to this time, the only way to the top was by foot, horseback and wagon team. Through federal relief programs known as the Civilian Works Administration and the Federal Emergency Relief Association, two 18 foot roads, two stone shelter houses and new restrooms were built. The project was completed by the Works Progress Administration and the formal dedication was held in 1934. In 1936, a registration book kept in the superintendent’s office showed that more than 25,000 persons from Ohio and surrounding states, and five foreign countries had visited the park.
No article about Horn’s Hill would be complete without mentioning WGSF-TV the TV station owned and operated by Newark City Schools out of a small building high atop Horn’s Hill. The station existed for thirteen years, from March of 1963 to June of 1976. WCLT’s Bill Clifford had a great commentary on an interview he did with Leland Hubbell, station engineer for WGSF. The written article can be found by searching for WGSF in the news archives at Another interesting site, managed by Mr. Hubbell, can be found at

Information gathered from various sources by Robert Tharp on behalf of The Licking County Historical Society.
Submitted by: Raynola StClair

Friday, January 21, 2011

Barack Hussein Obama II and His Licking County Ties

Barack Hussein Obama II and his Licking County Ties
You got it right! 
During a LCGS board meeting our webmaster Bill Johns ask if we had seen Barack Hussein Obama’s genealogy line yet.  He forwarded it to us and what fun we had.
Barack has 7 ½ siblings from his Kenyan father, 6 living, ½ sister with whom he was raised.
Maya Soetoro-NB, the daughter of his mother and her Indonesian second husband.  Obama’s mother was survived by her Kansas born mother, Madelyn Dunham until her death the 2nd of Nov 2008.
In “Dreams from My Father”, Obama ties his mothers family to possible Native American ancestors and distant relatives of Jefferson Davis: “President of the Confederate States of America ” during the American Civil War.
Barack’s Licking County ties come thru his mother’ side of the family.
We begin with Barack, then his mother Stanley Ann Dunham, his great grandmother Madelyn Lee Payne, GG Grandfather Roll Charles Payne, GGG Grandfather Charles T Payne who married Della Wolfley.  Her parents were Robert Wolfley and Rachel Abbott. “Barack’s GGG Grandmother”, she was born in 1835 in Licking County to Jonathan Abbott and Adah Wright.  Adah’s parents were Abraham Wright and Naomi , last name unknown.  Abraham was born 1755 and came to Licking County in 1802.  Abraham Wright was well known throughout Licking County and Ohio .  He built a gristmill on Clear Fork after the War of 1812 near Newton Township line above the village of Chatham .

Some facts from 50 interesting facts about Barack Obama:
His name means “one who is blessed” in Swahili
He won a Grammy in 2006 for the audio version of his memoir, Dreams From My Father
He can bench press an impressive 200lbs
He and Michelle made $4.2 million last year, with much coming from sales of his books
He keeps on his desk a carving of a wooden hand holding an egg, a Kenyan symbol of the fragility of life
His father was originally from Kenya . His mother, Ann Dunham, was an anthropologist born in the United States . The couple separated when Barack was two years old and eventually divorced. Barack Obama's father moved back to Kenya following the divorce.
Sources:, William Addams Reitwiesner, Genealogy of U.S. Presidents 2009 by Gary Boyd.
I have Wrights, Abbotts, and Perkins in my genealogy line as well.  Could I be related?  One never knows until the research is done.  Now you see how history and genealogy tie together.  I hope this will prompt you to doing some research of your own.  Enjoy!
Sources:, William Addams Reitwiesner, Genealogy of U.S. Presidents 2009 by Gary Boyd.

Licking County and The Temperance Movement

 The Temperance Movement
Ohio Churches were one of the instrumental parts in preparing the way for what President Hoover once termed "the noble experiment."   As early as 1874, at  Hillsboro,  women were fighting to stop the spread of saloons.  Christian women organized o the women's Christian Temperance Union under the inspiring leadership of Miss Frances E Willard of Illinois.   Rev. Howard E. Russell,  in 1893  organized the Anti-Saloon League 
The Temperance Movement wanted to see the consumption and production of alcohol limited or outlawed in the United States.
During the early nineteenth century, many citizens of the United States became convinced that many Americans were living in an immoral manner. These people feared that God would no longer bless the United States.  
 Advocates for Temperance movement encouraged Americans to reduce the amount of alcohol that they consumed.   As a matter of fact they hoped they would do away with alcohol all together.  The largest organization established to advocate temperance was the American Temperance Society.   Would you believe that around  the mid 1830s, more than 200,000 people belonged to this organization.  
Many Ohioans participated in the temperance movement, but temperance efforts in Ohio remained haphazard.  . It wasn’t until  the early 1850s that statewide efforts against alcohol took place .  A woman's temperance convention was held on January 13, 1853 and they drafted a constitution and created the Ohio Women's Temperance Society
During The American Civil War (1861-1865) the temperance movement was weakened.  As the war ended concerns regarding alcohol usage quickly returned. During the late 1800s, the United States was shifting from a national economy based principally on agriculture to a more industrialized one. As a result of this shift, urban areas, including Cincinnati, Cleveland, Canton, Akron, and Columbus experienced tremendous growth. Many Americans, including Ohioans, believed the social ills of the cities, including homelessness, high crime rates, and joblessness, all resulted from alcohol usage. Ohio temperance advocates, like others across the United States, began to use more radical tactics to stop the consumption of alcohol  
The temperance movement continued through the late nineteenth century and into the early twentieth century. Advocates during this time period became much more politically active, primarily through their support of the Progressive Movement. In 1919, the Eighteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution went to effect. This amendment outlawed the production and the sale of alcohol in the United States. Prohibition remained in effect until the Twenty-First Amendment in 1933. With the Eighteenth Amendment's repeal, organized temperance movements declined in popularity and in power.
On Dec 27, 1850 Licking County Temperance Society was organized at Temperance hall.  The first union meeting took place at the First Presbyterian church around Feb of 1874 and by March it took full form of political movement.  Like at lot of organizations by Dec 1874 the meetings were little in attendance.
By May of 1878 the Wallace opera House held Temperance society meeting.  Around Mar 1879, Col A. J. Bowen of Maryland, begins a series of temperance meetings at the "Home"
Resources:   History of the State Of Ohio vol VI by Lindley, William I Davis Chronologies Reflecting the History of Newark, Oh 1800 to 1900,

Tea Time

 Did you know tea was discovered by accident or so the legend goes?  Long ago boiling water was necessary to purify the water for drinking.  It seems dried leaves made their way into such water during a trip Emperor Shen Nong and his court were on.  According to legend it was around 2737BC.  The Emperor tasted the mixture and it was pleasing to his taste buds.

Around 800 AD a book on tea called “The Cha Ching” was written by LULU.  In it he told how to grow and prepare tea.

Tea made its way to Japan , then to Europe before or around 1560 AD.  Tea was expensive to because of the high cost of shipping.  B

By 1652 tea was being served in England .  King Charles II and his wife both loved tea.  By this time tea was a popular drink in many countries.

It seems the British were custom to only two meals a day, however, legend has it that because of tea, Anna the Duchess of Bedford, introduced the afternoon meal with tea.

High Tea was the main meal of the day and the wealthy also had Low Tea for the enjoyment of special tidbits.  Of course one must have fitting conversation and a fitting display of tea, tidbit and tea sets that were pleasing to the eyes as well.

Tea Gardens were common in those days, with wonderful concerts, flowers, and games.

Around 1690AD America began to sell tea.  Tea Gardens, Tea Courts and Tea Dances began to spring up all across America and England . 

Colonial women were no exception to the love of tea.  Well you can just about guess the rest from here with Boston being one of the main trading centers for tea.  Smuggling began to take place as the British tea was taxed to heavily.  We know the Indians used, herbs, spices and used tea also.  People began to purchase tea from the Indians and as a result the tea tax was introduced in 1767.  Rage escalated and Indians threw hundreds of pounds of tea into the Boston Harbor , or so it seemed.  The Indians were actually men from Boston who dressed as Indians, and we know this as the Boston Tea Party.

Aren’t we thankful to Thomas Sullivan who made the first tea bags?  Now we can brew tea one cup at a time and whatever flavors our little hearts desire.

One hot afternoon at the 1904 Worlds Fair an Englishman by the name of Richard Blechynden became discouraged when is hot brewed tea wasn’t selling.  One can imagine the desire to have a cool refreshing drink during this hot weather.  A good cold summer drink must have ice and so Mr. Blechynden did just that, added ice.   

While doing research a couple of weeks ago I came across an ad for The Newark Central Tea Co. on 3rd St .  Maybe my ancestors shopped there.

Have your own old fashioned tea party this season and better yet have one for the little ones and continue this wonderful tradition.

Sources:  http:/